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Colombia - Governmental Organizations Flags - Part I

Last modified: 2013-12-30 by zoltán horváth
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Ministries:

Administrative Departments:

National Institutions:

Superintendencies:

Autonomous Regional Corporations:

The Judicial System:


See also:


Ministries (Executive branch) - Overview

During the first term of President Álvaro Uribe, beginning in 2002, ministries were restructured. The President closed and merged ministries to reduce bureaucracy while assigning duties of suppressed ministries to Administrative Departments (i.e. the DAS, which is a form of an Administrative Department).
Here's a list of the current 13 Ministries of the Executive Branch of Colomba's government (in the correct Order of Precedence):
- Ministerio de Interior y de Justicia (Ministry of the Interior and Justice, official website at <www.mij.gov.co>) - Merging of Ministerio del Interior (Ministry of Interior) and Ministerio de Justicia (Ministry of Justice) to create a unified Ministry. (Separated into two ministries in 2011. See below for details. Ed.)
- Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, official website at <www.minrelext.gov.co>).
- Ministerio de Hacienda y Crédito Público (Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, official website at <www.minhacienda.gov.co>)
- Ministerio de Defensa Nacional (Ministry of National Defense, official website at <www.mindefensa.gov.co>)
- Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, official website at <www.minagricultura.gov.co>)
- Ministerio de Protección Social (Ministry of Social Protection, official website at <www.minproteccionsocial.gov.co>) - Merging of Ministerio de Salud (Ministry of Health) and Ministerio del Trabajo (Ministry of Labor) to create a unified ministry
- Ministerio de Minas y Energía (Ministry of Mines and Energy, official website at <www.minminas.gov.co>)
- Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo (Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism, official website at <www.mincomercio.gov.co>) - Renamed after absorbing several Departamentos Administrativos (Administrative Departments)
- Ministerio de Educación Nacional (Ministry of National Eduction, official website at <www.mineducacion.gov.co>)
- Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial (Ministry of the Environment, Housing and Regional Development, official website at <www.minambiente.gov.co>) - Absorbed the Ministerio de Desarrollo (Ministry of Development)
- Ministerio de Comunicaciones (Ministry of Communications, official website at <www.mincomunicaciones.gov.co>)
- Ministerio de Transporte (Minisitry of Transport, official website at <www.mintransporte.gov.co>)
- Ministerio de Cultura (Ministry of Culture, official website at <www.mincultura.gov.co>).  
For further and historic reference of the evolution of Ministries in the Colombian government see wikipedia.
Source: Colombian Presidency official website.
E. R., 3 August 2008

List of entities in the Executive Branch of Colombia can be seen at wikipedia. Please notice that this is list is based on the areas they cover according to the Ministries that actually exist in Colombia. Also this list includes many publicly owned companies, that may be in the process of being offered by the government to private investors.
E. R., 4 August 2008

The Colombian Ministerio del Interior y de Justicia (Ministry of Interior and Justice) has again been separated into two Ministries:
- Ministerio del Interior (Ministry of Interior) (official website)
- Ministerio de Justicia y del Derecho (Ministry of Justice and Law) (official website)
They were both established by Decree No. 2897 of August 11, 2011 (they were split by Law 1444 of 2011).
Source: http://www.minjusticia.gov.co/NewsDetail/403/1/MinisteriodeJusticiaydelDerecho
Esteban Rivera, 08 December 2011


Ministerio de Defensa Nacional (Ministry of National Defense)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 14 September 2006

The flag of the Ministerio de Defensa Nacional (Ministry of National Defense). Its official website located at <www.mindefensa.gov.co>.
E. R., 14 September 2006

Variant


image by Eugene Ipavec,

I saw a picture showing a variant of the already existing flag of the Ministry of National Defense. The flag includes the words Ministerio de Defensa Nacional.
Source: <www.esinf.mil.co>.
E. R., 5 July 2007


Ministerio de Hacienda y Crédito Público (Ministry of Finance and Public Credit)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 22 March 2009

The flag of the Ministerio de Hacienda y Crédito Público (Ministry of Finance and Public Credit) is yellow with the Logotype of the letters M, H and C for "Ministerio", "Hacienda", "Crédito".
The Ministry is in charge of designing, coordinating, regulating and executing the economic, monetary and fiscal policies for Colombia in order to improve economic and social development. website at <www.minhacienda.gov.co>.
Source: Photo at CM& TV news.
E. R., 22 March 2009


Ministerio del Interior y de Justicia (Ministry of Interior and Justice - Between 2002 and 2011)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 1 June 2006

Yesterday I saw a broadcast on TV of Minister Sabas Pretelt de La Vega, the current Minister of Interior and Justice. On the background there was the flag of this Ministry. The flag is the Colombian tricolor, with the Coat of Arms on the middle, bordered by a red fringe, with the words REPUBLICA DE COLOMBIA, in yellow, capitals, inside the fringe, and on the bottom it reads MINISTERIO DEL INTERIOR Y DE JUSTICIA, also in yellow.
The official websites of this Ministry are: <www.mininteriorjusticia.gov.co>, <www.mij.gov.co>.
E. R., 1 June 2006

The Colombian Ministerio del Interior y de Justicia (Ministry of Interior and Justice) has again been separated into two Ministries:
- Ministerio del Interior (Ministry of Interior) (official website)
- Ministerio de Justicia y del Derecho (Ministry of Justice and Law) (official website)
They were both established by Decree No. 2897 of August 11, 2011 (they were split by Law 1444 of 2011).
Source: http://www.minjusticia.gov.co/NewsDetail/403/1/MinisteriodeJusticiaydelDerecho
Esteban Rivera, 08 December 2011


Ministerio de Justicia y del Derecho (Ministry of Justice and Law)

The flag of the Ministerio de Justicia y del Derecho.
Image is a TV screenshot taken from CM& tv news, on 7 December, 2011)
Esteban Rivera, 08 December 2011


Ministerio de Transporte (Ministry of Transportation)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 8 July 2006

I recently saw on the entrance of the Airport Jose Maria Cordova in the Municipality of RIonegro (Department of Antioquia), the flag of the Ministerio de Transporte (Ministry of Transportation). The flag is a horizontal shape flag, all yellow (the same shade as the Colombian national flag) and it has a black diagonal line going from the bottom hoist to the top fly. The width of this stripe is the same as the small circular logo.
Official website:<www.mintrasnporte.gov.co>.
E. R., 19 June 2006


Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo (Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism)

Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo (Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism) was established in 2002, and its functions were outlined by decree No. 210, of February 3, 2003. It was emerged from the merger of the Ministerio de Comercio Exterior (Ministry of External Trade) and the Ministerio de Desarrollo Económico (Ministry of Economic Development).
The emblem of the Ministry of Economic Development, was designed by Designer Dicken Castro, in 1968. The emblem can be found at <www.proyectod.com>.
E. R., 23 August 2008


Ministerio de Protección Social (Ministry of Social Protection)


image by Zoltan Horvath, 26 March 2011

The flag of the Ministerio de Protección Social is a horizontal white flag, with the Coat of Arms of Colombia in the middle with the motto "Libertad y Orden" in black letters, and below the inscription "Ministerio de Protección Social" and below, "República de Colombia" also in black.
Image is a screenshot of Caracol TV news taken on January 25, 2010)
For further information please see: Ministerio de Protección Social (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 7 March 2011


Administrative Departments - Overview

The full list of the current six Departamentos Administrativos (Administrative Departments) is as follows:
- Agencia Presidencial para la Acción Social y la Cooperación International (Presidential Agency for Social Action and International Cooperation)
- DAPR - Departamento Administrativo de la Presidencia de la República (Administrative Department of the Presidency of the Republic, offiical website at <www.presidencia.gov.co>)
- DAFP - Departamento Administrativo de la Función Pública (Public Service Administrative Department, official website at <www.dafp.gov.co>)
- DANE - Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (National Statistics Administrative Department, official website at <www.dane.gov.co>)
- DANSOCIAL - Departamento Administrativo de Economía Solidaria (Solidarian Economy Administrative Department, official website at <www.dansocial.gov.co>)
- DAS - Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (Security Administrative Department)
- DNP - Departamento Nacional de Planeación, official abbreviation (National Planning Department, official website <www.dnp.gov.co>).
Sources: Colombian Presidency official web site, Ministry of Interior and Justice official web site.
E. R., 3 August 2008


Agencia Presidencial para la Acción Social y la Cooperación International

There's a new Bill recently approved by Congress that creates another Administrative Department. The Agencia Presidencial para la Acción Social y la Cooperación International (commonly known as "Acción Social") (Presidential Agency for Social Action and International Cooperation) will be established as an Administrative Department and will be in charge of taking care of the victims of the Colombian Armed conflict from 1985 onwards. Victims from previous years (1984 and backwards will only be compensated simbolically). Source: http://www.cmi.com.co/?nt=61683
Acción Social was established through Decree No. 2467 of July 2005. Source: http://www.accionsocial.gov.co/contenido/contenido.aspx?catID=3&conID=544&pagID=821
In this new reorganization, Acción Social will be merged with the CNRR (Comisión Nacional de Reparación y Reconciliación) (National Reparation and Reconciliation Commission), in order to provide victims of the armed conflict with integral social and economic support. The CNRR emerged from Law Ley 975 of 2005 dubbed "Justicia y Paz" (Justice and Peace). The CNRR was established through Decree No. 4760 of 2005. Source: http://www.cnrr.org.co/contenido/09e/spip.php?article2629
Esteban Rivera, 13 April 2011


DAS - Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (Administrative Security Department)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 9 November 2005


image by Eugene Ipavec, 9 November 2005


reverse
image by Eugene Ipavec, 2 March 2006


Coat of Arms
image contributed by E. R., 12 June 2005

Translated from <www.das.gov.co> (located by Dov Gutterman): "On rectangular shape, is formed by sky blue and white colors in two equal horizontal bands, with sky blue on top and white on bottom, the national tricolor will appear in circular 'cucarda' shape in the center of the flag."  
Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (Administrative Security Department), is Colombia's secret police, in charge of home land security, immigration, emigration, bodyguards for public servants, criminal investigations, etc.
Carlos Thompson, 5 November 2004

Coat of Arms of DAS (Security, Intelligence and Secret Service) is taken from the book "Himnos y Símbolos de Nuestra Colombia" , page 278. Written in 2000 by Julio Cesar García, edited by Camer Editores. ISBN 958-33-1489-7.
E. R., 12 June 2005

There is an additional flag which has the same color pattern, only with the DAS Coat of Arms in the middle.
E. R., 9 November 2005


National Institutions


Instituto Nacional de Radio y Televisión (National Institute of Radio and Television - INRAVISION)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 6 October 2010

INRAVISION stands for Instituto Colombiano de Radio y Televisión (National Institute of Radio and Television). It was created by Decre No. 3267 of December 20, 1963. It made public radio and television broadcasts thorughout its existence, and it depended on the Ministry of Communications.
Source: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inravisi%C3%B3n
It was however shut down in 2004 because of financial difficulties, and a new organization was created, the RTVC (Radio Televisión Nacional de Colombia), created by Decree No. 3525 del 28 de octubre de 2004.
Source: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_Televisi%C3%B3n_Nacional_de_Colombia
The RTVC currently operates four public broadcast channels, including the Congres Channel and also six radio stations. However I have not seen a flag of the RTVC,
Source: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_Televisi%C3%B3n_Nacional_de_Colombia
The RTVC has its own official website: http://www.rtvc.gov.co/
The flag of INRAVISION was yellow background, plus the logo on the middle, very much like some other government flags ( i.e. Ministry of Finance and Public Credit and Ministry of Transportation.
The logo was designed by David Consuegra in 1964.
Source: http://www.proyectod.com/finalizacion/historia/3hisgra60s.html
Esteban Rivera, 31 August 2009


INS - Instituto Nacional de Salud (National Health Institute)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 8 July 2010

There is a news report which appeared on August 30, 2009 mentioning the Colombian President was affected by the swine flu (or AH1N1 flu). In the link on the fifth video link the current Ministro de Protección Social (Social Protection Minister) Diego Palacio is reporting the medical treatment to be followed, to a reporter from RCN channel. On the back, to the right, one can see the flag of the INS (Instituto Nacional de Salud, in English National Health Institute). It is a white background plus the symbol in the middle.
The symbol's explanation is here and its designer is Dicken Castro, a very renowned Designer, who also designed the logo for the Ministerio de Desarrollo Económico (Ministry of Economic Development)  in 1968, now a defunct Ministry which was absorbed by the Ministry of the Environment and Housing to form the Ministry of the Environment, Housing and Regional Development in the 2000's.
The INS has traces back its roots to 1917 with the establishment of the Laboratorio Samper Martínez (Samper Martínez Lab). Then it merged with other labs to become the INS in 1975.
Source: http://www.ins.gov.co/?idcategoria=1196
For more information on the INS please refer to: INS (official website) http://www.ins.gov.co/
Esteban Rivera, 31 August 2009


Superintendencies - Overview

List of Superintendencies (total of 10) in no particular order:
- Superintendencia de Subsidio Familiar (Family Subsidy Superintendency, official website at <www.ssf.gov.co>)
- Superintendencia de Economía Solidaria (Solidarian Economy Superintendency, official website at <www.supersolidaria.gov.co>)
- Superintendencia Nacional de Salud (National Health Superintendency, official website at <www.supersalud.gov.co>)
- Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio (Industry and Commerce Superintendency, official website at <www.sic.gov.co>)
- Superintendencia Financiera de Colombia (Fnancial Superintendency of Colombia, official website at <www.superfinanciera.gov.co>). Merger of Superintendencia Bancaria de Colombia (Colombian Banking Superintendency) and Superintendencia de Valores (Securities Superintendency)
- Superintendencia de Sociedades (Societies Sperintendency)
- Superintendencia de Vigilancia y Seguridad Privada (Vigilance and Private Security Superintendency, official website at <www.supervigilancia.gov.co>)
- Superintendencia de Notariado y Registro (Notary and Registry Sperintendency)
- Superintendencia de Servicios Públicos Domiciliarios (Public Domiciliary Services Superintendency, official website at <www.superservicios.gov.co>)
- Superintendencia de Puertos y Transporte (Ports and Transportation Superintendency, official website at <www.supertransporte.gov.co>).
E. R., 4 August 2008


Superintendencia de Economía Solidaria (Solidarian Economy Superintendency)

The Superintendencia de Economía Solidaria (Solidarian Economy Superintendency) was established by Law 454 of 1998. It is in charge of the inspection, control and surveillance of the Solidarian Economic organizations and its activities)
Source: http://www.supersolidaria.gov.co/nuestra_entidad/resena.php?m=1
Its flag is seen here. The flag is a white horizontal flag with the logo in the middle.
The flag can also be seen in this video (0:42):
http://www.noticiasuno.com/noticias/todas-las-entidades-que-vigila-la-supersolidaria-reportan-a-confecoop-.html
For additional information please see: Superintendencia de Economía Solidaria (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 06 June 2011


Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio (Industry and Commerce Superintendency)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 19 July 2011

Today on RCN news channel ( http://www.canalrcnmsn.com/ ) they showed the flag of the SIC (Superintendencia de Industria y Comercio) (Industry and Commerce Superintendency).
Image of flag. (screenshot from RCN news channel TV broadcast) (blue flag on the right). The flag is a horizontal blue background, with the emblem in a thin yellow outline with the emblem of the SIC in the middle, having the logo (a stylized "I" and "C", standing for "Industria" and "Comercio", the areas which it oversees) and the name below, reading "Industria y Comercio" in yellow as well. 
Esteban Rivera, 18 July 2011


Superintendencia de Salud (Health Superintendency)


image by Zoltan Horvath, 20 August 2013

The Superintendencia de Salud was established by Law 1650 of 1977 as Superintendencia de Seguros de Salud (Health Insurance Superintendency, overseeing mainly the ISS
Source: http://www.supersalud.gov.co/supersalud/Default.aspx?tabid=73
The flag is a white horizontal flag with the logo and the motto in the middle. The motto is "Por la defensa de los derechos de los usuarios" (For the defense of users' rights).
Screenshot taken from CM& news on May 2, 2013).
This flag should be placed In the Government organizations section, under the Superintendencies overview.
For additional information go to: Superintendencia Nacional de Salud (National Health Superintendency) official website.
Esteban Rivera, 03 May 2013


Superintendencia de Sociedades (Societies Superintendency)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 24 January 2008

The flag of the Superintendencia de Sociedades (Societies Superintendency), official website at <www.supersociedades.gov.co>. It is a technical organization of the Colombian government. It is one of ten such organizations in charge of the inspection, control and surveillance of its own aspect.
Source: Caracol news channel (<www.caracolnoticas.com>), TV caps taken on July 25, 2006.
E.R., 24 January 2008


Variant of flag
image by Zoltan Horvath, 24 March 2011

On March 16, in a news broadcast by local channel Caracol TV an alternate version of the flag of the Superintendencia de Sociedades was shown.
It is a white horizontal background flag, with the logo (http://www.leasingbancoldex.com/images/super_sociedades.png ) in the middle.
The cropped image taken from: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_dSnkryKhNww/SxPiIrmlaeI/AAAAAAAAAJk/BLJ6Go4OMbc/s1600/SS1.JPG
Source: http://noticiascomercioindustriaturismonov.blogspot.com/
The Supersociedades was created by Law 58, 1931 under the name "Superintendencia de Sociedades Anónimas" (Superintendency of Incorporated (or Limited) Societies), later reformed by Law 44, 1981
and also Decree No. 2059 of 1981.
Source: http://www.supersociedades.gov.co/ss/drvisapi.dll?MIval=sec&dir=280
Esteban Rivera, 23 March 2011


Superintendencia de Notariado y Registro (Notary and Registry Sperintendency)


image by Eugene Ipavec,

I saw on the news on August 27, 2008 and during the news edition, I saw the flag of the Superintendencia de Notariado y Registro (Superintendency of Notary and Registry, official web site at <www.supernotariado.gov.co>). It is a technical  organization part of the Ministry of Interior and Justice and is in charge of the  inspection, control and surveillance of Notary's documentation and public documents regulation.
The flag is the logo on a white backrgound. The Logo can be seen at <www.mastersoftcolombia.com>. Its motto is LA GUARDIA DE LA FE PUBLICA (The Guardian of Public Faith) and on the logo it reads LA FE PUBLICA.
E.R., 30 August 2008


Autonomous Regional Corporations - Overview

Any CAR (Corporación Autónoma Regional) (Regional Autonomous Corporation) is a public corporate entity integrated with all other relevant territorial authorities that together belong to a geographical basin or ecosystem and they are in charge of enforcing the environmental policies of the Ministerio del Medio Ambiente (Ministry of Environment) in that specific region.
They were first mentioned in Article 23, Law 99 of December 22, 1993, and then each CAR was established by a particular Decree later.
Sources:
http://www.minambiente.gov.co//contenido/contenido.aspx?catID=554&conID=4040
http://www.corpoguavio.gov.co/espanol/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=\14&Itemid=27
The full list of CAR's is seen here (total of 33):
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corporaciones_Aut%C3%B3nomas_Regionales
http://www.humboldt.org.co/sina/corporaciones.htm
All the CAR's are represented in ASOCARS, the Association of all the CAR's. Each CAR has its own logo and flag.
For the logos of all 33 CAR's please see the following: http://www.asocars.org.co/Cartilla/Cartillaconmusica.html
Another CAR flag is seen here:
http://www.car.gov.co/tools/microsThumb.php?src=recursos_user/imagenes//Noticias\/Marzo_2011/MARC_GIRARDOT.jpg&w=250 (Flag of the CAR of Cundinamarca).
Source: http://www.car.gov.co/?idcategoria=16040
However there's currently a Bill in Congress that estipulates the closure of 32 of these CAR's given the poor response and bad management that they faced during the 2010 local flood crisis.
Source: http://www.eltiempo.com/archivo/documento/CMS-8791343  (January 20, 2011)
Esteban Rivera, 30 March 2011

Each CAR (Corporación Autónoma Regional, Autonomous Regional Corporation) is a government mechanism to watch over the ecosystem in each specifically jurisdiction where it operates, and it is funded by the central government, and even though they are semi independent organizations (descentralized institutions), they are organization-wise dependent to the Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible (Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development) (which chenged its name from Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial (Ministry of the Environment, Housing and Regional Development).
ALL the CARs (Corporaciones Autónomas Regionales, Autonomous Regional Corporations) are together in the ASOCARS (Asociación de Corporaciones Autónomas Regionales y de Desarrollo Sostenible, Association of Autonomous Regional Corporations and Sustainable Development) (official website: http://www.asocars.org.co/ ). The Statutes of the ASOCARS are established in its Acta 058 del Libro III de Actas de la Asamblea General (Act 058 of the Third Book of Acts of the General Assembly): http://www.asocars.org.co/index.php/images/archivos/ESTATUTOS.pdf
Sources: http://www.minambiente.gov.co//contenido/contenido.aspx?conID=7706&catID=1252 (Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development) and http://www.asocars.org.co/index.php/iquienessomos
Esteban Rivera, 24 March 2012


CORPOGUAVIO


image located by Esteban Rivera, 30 March 2011

"CORPOGUAVIO is a public corporation created under the law, with administrative autonomy, legal personality and its own capital, that is part of the territorial entities that constitute geographically the same ecosystem or configure a geopolitical, bio-geographic or hydro-geographic unit and legally charged with administering, within the area under its jurisdiction, the environment and renewable and non-renewable natural resources, and promoting sustainable development in compliance with the legal provisions and policies of the ministry of the environment."
Source : http://www.bnamericas.com/company-profile/en/Corporacion_Autonoma_Regional_del\_Guavio-CORPOGUAVIO.
The flag of the Corporación Autónoma Regional del Guavio is presented here.
"La Corporación Autónoma Regional del Guavio - Corpoguavio adoptó un diseño de bandera que presenta como característica básica el tener una gran fuerza simbólica, dando importancia al azul y el verde como colores representativos. El diseño de la bandera muestra tres franjas horizontales, las de los extremos de igual tamaño, y la central un poco más grande en su orden: azul, blanco y verde representando las tres actividades básicas de la Corporación: Protección del recurso agua, Trasparencia y Compromiso con el medio ambiente. En la franja blanca central se ubica el Logosímbolo en los colores originales.
La bandera debe colocarse en todos los eventos importantes para la Corporación como uno de sus símbolos representativos.
Diseño: JAIRO NICOLÁS YEPES VASQUEZ"

Translation:
"Regional Autonomous Corporation Guavio - Corpoguavio adopted a flag design that presents a basic to have great symbolic force, stressing the blue and green as representative colors.
The design of the flag shows three horizontal bands, the ends of equal size, and plant a little larger in order: blue, white and green representing the three basic activities of the Corporation: Protection of water resources, Transparency and Commitment to the environment. In the central white stripe logo symbol is located in the original colors.The flag should be placed in all major events for the Corporation as one of its representative symbols.
Design: JAIRO NICHOLAS YEPES VASQUEZ "
Valentin Poposki, 30 August 2010

The image CORPOGUAVIO can be found here:
http://www.corpoguavio.gov.co/espanol/images/stories/bandera(4).png
Esteban Rivera, 30 March 2011


The Judicial System - Overview

The Colombian Judicial system has four High Courts, which are:
- Corte Constitucional (Constitutional Court): Established by the 1991 Political Constitution, composed by seven Magistrates and it's in charge of safekeeping the principles of the Constitution and the Constitutionality of the administrative actions of the government. Its official website is <www.constitucional.gov.co>
- Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice): Since the Colombian first declaration of independence (July 20, 1810) and the establishment of several independent States like Tunja (1811), Antioquia (1812), Cartagena de Indias (1812) and Cundinamarca (1812), each State had its own organ in charge of the administration of justice. Later, when several States established the Provincias Unidad de la Nueva Granada (United Provinces on New Granada), on September 23rd, 1814, the Alto Tribunal de Justicia (High Tribunal of Justice) was established. Later during the Republic of Colombia (better known as the Great Colombia, a Court was created in the Constitution of 1821 of August 30, named Alta Corte de Justicia (High Court of Justice). Later, when the Great Colombia dissolved, the Republic of New Granada was formed, and on its Constitution of 1832 of February 29, the Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court) was established. Then on May 20, 1853 during the period of the Republic of New Granada, the Corte Suprema de la Nación (Nation Supreme Court) is established. Then during the period of the Grenadine Confederation on the Constitution of 1858 of May 22, the Courte Suprema (Supreme Court) was the organ in charge. Then during the period of the Estados Unidos de Colombia (United States of Colombia) the Constitution of May 8, 1863 established the Corte Suprema Federal (Supreme Federal Court). Then on the establishment of the República de Colombia (Republic of Colombia) on the Constitution of August 4, 1886, the organ was renamed Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice). This Court was based on the Spanish Law of its Appeal Court of 1885, which at the same time was inspired on the French Appeal Court. It currently is made up of seven Magistrates.
- Consejo de Estado (Council of State): It was first established by Simón Bolívar by Presidential Decree as President of the Republic of Venezuela in the city of Angostura (now called Ciudad Bolívar , on the Department of Bolivar, of the Republic of  Venezuela), on October 30, 1817 and it was based on the same institution created by Napoleon in France back in 1799. It was an organ that replaced the citizens in the popular election bodies (democratic bodies) and help to make decisions at a State level. On the 1821 Constitution it worked as the Consejo de Gobierno (Government Council). On August 27, 1828, under Decree by Simón Bolívar the rules for the Consejo de Estado are established, changing only the number of representatives in the 1830 Constitution . The 1832 Constitution changes the number of Representatives and also establishes the Consejo de Gobierno. The 1843 Constitution supresses the Consejo de Estado but allows the Consejo de Gobierno, which remained during the 1858 Constitution as well. During the periods of the Confederación Granadina (Grenadine Confederation, 1856-1861), the Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada (United States of New Granada, 1861) and the Estados Unidos de Colombia (United States of Colombia, 1861-1886) there is no mention of either the Consejo de Estado or Consejo de Gobierno. In the 1886 Constittuion it reappears as Consejo de Estado working as a consultant organ and also preparing the Acts to pass to Congress. Later during the dictatorship of Rafael Reyes, the Consejo de Estado was abolished by Constitutional Ammendment No. 10, of 1905. Then by Constitutional Ammendment of September 10, 1914 the establishment of the Consejo de Estado is permanent being the highest consultant government body in terms of administrative issues.
- Consejo Superior de la Judicatura (Judiciary Superior Council): It was established in the Constitution of 1991, although several attempts were made to establish an organ of such carachteristics back in the 1970's and 1980's. It is in charge of the administration of justice, that is, the supervision of all judges around the country.
Source: Rama Judicial (Judiciary Branch) official website at <www.ramajudicial.gov.co>.
E. R., 10 September 2006

Corte Constitucional (Constitutional Court)


image by Eugene Ipavec, 10 September 2006

I recently saw the flag of the Corte Constitucional (Constitutional Court) of Colombia on August 15, 2006, on the TV news channel Caracol Noticias.
E. R., 10 September 2006

On June 6 I spotted the flag of the Colombian Supreme Court of Justice seen here.
(Source: http://protocolocomentarios.blogspot.com/search/label/escudos)
It is the Colombian tricolor with CoA in the middle, with the words on top of the CoA being REPÚBLICA DE COLOMBIA in bold capital yellow letters, and on the bottom it reads CORTE SUPREMA in bold capital yellow letters.
Esteban Rivera, 13 June 2011