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City of Göttingen (Germany)

Stadt Göttingen, Landkreis Göttingen, Lower Saxony

Last modified: 2011-12-30 by german editorial team
Keywords: goettingen | initial coat of arms | arc | lion(golden) | towers(3) |
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Current Flag

[Göttingen flag] 3:5 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Description of current flag:
The flag's ratio is 3:5. It is a black over yellow ( according to source as a surrogate of golden) horizontal bicolour.
Source: 2(1) of Hauptsatzung of the city of Göttingen, version 10 December 1999, last updated 17 December 2002
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Plain Banner

[Göttingen plain banner] image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Description of banner:
The ratio is approx 8:3. It is a black - yellow vertical bicolour.
Source: Stefan Schwoon's database
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Banner with initial Coat of Arms

[Göttingen banner with iCoA] image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Description of banner:
The ratio is approx 27:7. It is a black - yellow vertical bicolour. The initial coat of arms is in the centre of the banner.
Source: Stefan Schwoon's database
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Banner with full Coat of Arms

[Göttingen banner with CoA] image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Description of banner:
The ratio is not quite 3:1. It is a black - yellow vertical bicolour. The coat of arms is shifted to the top.
Source: Stefan Schwoon's database
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Flag Version 1902

[Göttingen flag 1902] 3:5 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Description of current flag:
The ratio is 3.5. It is a black over yellow horizontal bicolour. In the upper hoist corner is a stylized yellow capital "G".
Source: Neubecker 1939, p.95
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Initial Coat of Arms

Description of coat of arms:
In a black shield is a golden (=yellow) Gothic capital "G" crowned golden (= yellow).
Meaning:
According to source the existence of the so called initial coat of arms could be proven first in 1492, first the capital had been red, later golden. This special version was derived from coins, which showed the crowned "G" since 1441. According to source this version was mentioned as proper coat of arms in the city's Hauptsatzung, version 1961, while the "full" coat of arms (see below) should be used upon seals.
Source:
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Coat of arms

Description of coat of arms:
Under a silver (=white) parabolic arc in a red field is a golden (=yellow),sinister facing, passant lion. The arc is topped by a blue field with three silver (=white) towers having red, cone shaped roofs.
Meaning:
According to source this ensemble is known from seals since 1278. The towers are symbolizing the rank of a city, the lion is alluding to the Welfen kin.
Sources: 2(2) of /Hauptsatzung of the city of Göttingen/, version 10 December 1999, last updated 17 December 2002 and Stadler 1970, p.43
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 2 Nov 2011

Plain Flag reported 1891

[Göttingen plain flag 1891] 1:2 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 3 Nov 2011

The ratio is given as 1:2. It was a black over yellow horizontal bicolour. The information is confirmed by Stadler 1970, p.43
Source: H.Ahrens "Hannoversche Landschafts-und Städtewappen", 1891, plate XX
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 Nov 2011


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