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Mexico - Mexican Revolution flags

(ca. 1910 - ca. 1938)

Last modified: 2005-11-26 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | revolution | revolt | war (civil) | civil war | madero | villa | zapata | skull | crossbones |
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Skull and crossbones revolutionary flags

A dark orange [sic. Could this be red, the orange hue a result of the aging of the paint?] flag with a black skull-and-crossbones is depicted on a mural in Mexico City.
Gregory, Arofan. Uniforms, Tactics and Equipment of the Mexican Revolution: 1910-1920. Unpublished manuscript at Times Square
Quoted by: Mike Blake November 16, 2005.

Photographs show a flag with a black (dark – possibly red, as with Zapata's first flag?) background, with the skull-and-crossbones in white.
Gregory, ibid.
Quoted by: Mike Blake November 16, 2005.

Cradd describes that carried by the Gringo [American] Legion of Villa as a red square with a large skull and cross-bones occupying the whole centre.
Cradd, Joseph. I Was There. London; Sampson, Low, Marston, u/d.
Quoted by: Mike Blake November 16, 2005.

O'Hea briefly describes a flag of this kind carried by the Colorados under Cheché Campos, part of Huerta's troops in Torreon, `Presently from the direction of my ranch, there cantered by a wild group carrying the skull and cross-bones of Cheché.'
O'Hea, Patrick. Reminiscences of the Mexican Revolution. London; Sphere Books, 1981.
Quoted by: Mike Blake November 16, 2005.

A photo of the captured rebel flag of Calixto Contreras' command, shows it about 3'x 2½' with a dark, [possibly black?], field with two white crossed bones surmounted by a white skull.
Hooker, Terry [Ed]. Notes On The Mexican Army 1900-1920. South & Central American Military Historians Society, Booklet No 5, Cottingham, England 1997.
Quoted by: Mike Blake November 16, 2005.

General Hill wiped out the `Battalion of Death' which `…carried a black flag, with a skull and cross bones upon it….'.'
Fornaro, Carlo De. Carranza And Mexico. NY, Mitchell Kennerley, 1915.
Quoted by: Mike Blake November 16, 2005.

According to Holman, the groups organized by the Mexican government of Carranza and his successors, which operated almost exclusively in the state of Chihuahua, to fight Villistas during their guerrilla period (about 1915 to 1920), used `the black flag with a skull and crossbones, just like a pirate flag… .'
E Bryant Holman, email 2 Nov 2005.
Quoted by: Mike Blake November 16, 2005.