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New Caledonia (France): Provinces

Last modified: 2010-03-12 by ivan sache
Keywords: new caledonia | nord | sud | iles loyaute |
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Presentation of the provinces

According to the Organic and Ordinary Laws of 16 February 1999, New Caledonia is divided in three provinces administrated by Provincial Assemblies, whose reunion forms the Congress:
- North Province (9,582.6 sq. km), made of the northern part of Grande Terre and the archipelago of Bélap, with 41,413 inhabitants, that is 21% of the population of New Caledonia. It includes the municipalities of Bélep, Poum, Ouegoa, Pouebo, Hienghène, Touho, Poindimié, Ponerihouen, Houailou, Canala, Koumac, Kaala-Gomen, Kouaoua,Voh, Koné and Pouembout.
- South Province (7,012 sq. km), made of the southern part of Grande Terre and Ile des Pins, with 134,546 inhabitants, that is 68.4% of the population of New Caledonia. It includes the municipalities of Ile des Pins, Mont-Doré;, Nouméa, Dumbéa, Païta, Bouloupari, La Foa, Moindou, Sarraméa, Farino, Bourail, Thio and Yaté.
- Loyauté Islands Province (1980.9 sq. km), made of the four islands of Maré, Lifou, Ouvéa and Tiga, with 20,877 inhabitants, that is 10.6% of the inhabitants of New Caledonia.
The municipality of Poya is split between the North and South provinces, following a decision of the State Council.

Ivan Sache, 27 March 2006


Loyauté Islands Province (Province des Îles Loyauté)

[Loyaute Province flag]

Flag of the Loyauté Islands Province - Image by Kazutaka Nishiura , 22 November 2009

The flag of the Loyauté Islands Province is white with the province's logo, made of a yellow disk charged with a black rooftop spear superimposed to a white map of the province.The writing "PROVINCE ILES", in black Italic letters is placed below the emblem.
The lack of the writing "NOUVELLE-CALEDONIE" and the use of the Kanak rooftop spear and yellow disk recall that the Kanak population is dominant in the the Province, which is an independentist stronghold (all of the 14 representatives are from independentist parties).

Nozomi Karyasu & Ivan Sache, 23 November 2009


North Province (Province Nord)

[North Province flag]

Flag of the North Province - Image by Kazutaka Nishiura , 22 November 2009

The flag of the North Province is white with the province's logo, made of a black rooftop spear superimposed to the blue map of the province. The writing "PROVINCE NORD", in black Italic letters is placed below the emblem.
The lack of the writing "NOUVELLE-CALEDONIE" and the use of the Kanak rooftop spear recall that the Kanak population is dominant in the the North Province, which is an independentist stronghold (20 out of 22 representatives are from independentist parties).

Nozomi Karyasu & Ivan Sache, 23 November 2009


South Province (Province Sud)

[South Province flag]

Flag of the South Province - Image by Kazutaka Nishiura , 22 November 2009

The flag of the South Province is white with the province's logo, made of a blue sail with a blue-white-red face, placed over two blue waves and the writing "PROVINCE SUD" (italic blue letters) / NOUVELLE-CALEDONIE (brown letters).
The blue-white-red face and the "NOUVELLE-CALEDONIE" writing recall that the population of European origin is dominant in the province; the provincial assembly is ruled by anti- independentist parties (36 out of 40 representatives).

Nozomi Karyasu & Ivan Sache, 23 November 2009