Last modified: 2013-04-27 by rob raeside
Keywords: san marino |
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image by Roberto Breschi, 13 March 2011
The old flag of
the republic attested
in 1465, when it was
commissioned by a Florentine
craftsman. It remained
in use until about
colors are used still today on
banners and representations
at historical re-enactments.
Roberto Breschi, 13 March 2011
(3:4) image by Mark Sensen, 16 April 1998
Roberto Breschi reports at
http://www.rbvex.it/sanmarino.html that the modern flag (or something like
it) has been in use from 1797 to 2011, although it appears it was not adopted
Chrystian Kretowicz, 13 March 2011
In Derkwillem Visser's "Vlaggen van de Wereld"
("Flags of the World") he mentions the flag was
officially adopted on 6 April 1862.
Mark Sensen, 10 November 1995
According to Album 2000 [pay00]
- National Flag (CSW/--- (3:4)) - White over blue bicolour with
the coat of arms in the middle. Can we confirm and provide more
details on the adoption date 6 April 1862 (given also by Smith
e.g. 1982) ?
The October 1917 National Geographic [geo17] show (figure 816) the Ensign as blue over white with Coat of Arms in the middle. Is this simply and error? Is there any other source showing blue over white flag for SM?
Album 1995 Recapitulative 1 shows only the flag with Coat of Arms (not the same artistic representation as in 2000) captioned as National Flag (3:4).
Flaggenbuch 1939 shows three images as in Album 2000 (of course, different artistic representation of the Coat of Arms, but minor differences).
eljko Heimer, 2 January 2003
Who changed San Marino's flag? In three books I found the image, but modern flag-books
depict it as the present one. The last one, to have the 'old'
flag is Barraclough's FOTW (1971). The change is in the Coat of
Sources: 'Old' SM-flag: 'Vlaggen, Drapeaux, Flags, Die Flaggen', 1951
'Observer's Book of Flags', I. O. Evans, 1959
'Flags of the World', Barraclough, 1971
'New' SM-flag: 'dtv-Lexikon politischer Symbole', A. Rabbow, 1970
'Flags Through the Ages and Across the World, W Smith, 1975
'Moussault's lexicon van vlaggen en wapens', Pedersen, 1980 (&c) Etcetera
Jarig Bakker, 26 May 1999
If it is only regarding the stylization of the Coat of Arms on
the flag - this can hardly be called a change.
eljko Heimer, 2 January 2003
The flag was formally adopted by a Decree of the Supreme
Council of 6 April 1862, following San Marino's treaty with the
new Italian Kingdom (almost certainly also of 1862 but exact date
unknown). Although I do not have a copy of this
particular item, I further understand that the flag
was officially regulated (including de jure
proportions of 3:4) by 'Stemma, Bandiera, Sigilli
e Uniforme' issued as an Act of the 'Corpo Consolate'
dated 12 January 1892 (?). As far as the construction details are
concerned, an (unfortunately undated) official model of the State
Flag I have on file, shows the arms as being one-third of the
length of the flag wide, and four-ninths of its width in height,
however, this model is in proportions of 4:5 which is apparently
an incorrect ratio (?).
Christopher Southworth, 10 September 2004