Last modified: 2022-05-28 by rob raeside
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Arms of Povoação, Portugal (fotw); Portuguese Caravel c1500 (Wikipedia); Arms of Velas, Portugal (fotw)
a) The above term is often misused, and a larger ship of this period equipped with fore and aft castles and square sails to its forward masts was almost certainly a “carrack”.
b) Of the ships which accompanied Christopher Columbus on his voyage of discovery in 1492, the Pinta and the Nina were caravels and the Santa Maria a carrack.
Portuguese Carrack c1490 (Wikipedia)
(Parker and CS)
Car Flags: State Secretaries Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, and Prime Minister Hesse, Germany (fotw); Car Pennant for Police Presidents Lower Saxony, Germany (fotw)
a) With regard to 1), the practice of flying a car flag or pennant was previously (usually but not exclusively) limited to that carrying a head of state, government official or military officer. Whilst these were formerly sometimes flown from the radiator cap, a car flag is now more usually seen on the right front fender, wing/mudguard (or often on both front fenders) but there is a suggestion that the two positions might also previously have indicated differences in the rank of the occupant.
b) With regard to 2), the practice has arisen whereby such flags are available as sports flags or may also be displayed by a funeral cortege, and that the former are usually flown from a clip-on, window mounted staff, or from the radio antenna (see also ‘funeral flags’, ‘sports flag 1)’ and ‘sports flag 2)’ ).
Flag of Aldeburgh, UK (fotw); Arms and Flag of Beidenfleth, Germany (fotw & Wikipedia)
Please note, an agreement between the United States and Great Britain in 1813 laid down that the cartel vessels of each country should wear their respective national ensigns at the stern, that both should wear a plain white flag at the fore whilst each should carry their opponent’s ensign at the main, and evidence suggests that this was a confirmation of contemporary (that is early-19th Century) practice (see also ‘fore’ and ‘main’).
Typical Flags flown by a British cartel vessel during the War of 1812 (fotw & CS)
Detail, Spain (CS); A Flag for Generals at Sea 1649 - 1653, England (CS); Andorra (fotw)
Arms and Flag of Rataje, Czechia (fotw)
Flag of Hottingen, Switzerland (ICH and fotw)
Arms and Flag of Hyżne, Poland (fotw)
Juneteenth flag, US (fotw); Centennial Flag of 1918, Illinois, US (fotw); 40th Anniversary Flag, Kings Dominion Amusement Park, Virginia, US (fotw)
Stiůbhart's Pan-Celtic flag, UK (fotw); Flag of the Church in Wales (fotw); Flag of the Golden Dawn Movement, Greece (fotw)
Flag of Indiana, US (fotw); Flag of Baška, Croatia (fotw); Flag of Barbados 1870 – 1966 (fotw)
Flag of Zwolle, The Netherlands (fotw); Flag of Quebec, Canada (fotw); Flag of Indianapolis, US (fotw)
Please note that this term does not refer to flags used on parade or those made for indoor display, but to flags and ensigns that are identical with their everyday equivalents except for size and/or care of manufacture (see also ‘parade flag’ and ‘indoor flag’).
Ceremonial Flag of Malopolska, Poland (fotw); Ceremonial flag of the Naval Force, Albania (fotw); Ceremonial Flag of Rydzyna, Poland (fotw)
a) With regard to 1), not to be confused with a “flag of ceremony” (the Spanish bandera de ceremonia) which is designed for exclusively indoor use – see ‘indoor flag’.
b) Also with regard to 1), in East and Central European usage the ceremonial flag of a community is often created as a unique flag – see ‘unique flag’.
Ceremonial Standard of Kelantan, Malaysia (fotw)
Please note that, as far as can be discovered, Johore, Malaysia is the only country which may currently still use such a flag.
Ceremonial State Ensign, Johore, Malaysia (fotw)
Naval Ensign, UK (fotw); Naval Ensign South Africa 1952 – 1981 (fotw)
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