- The heraldic term which can be used when two beasts of prey (usually, but
not invariably, lions) are shown facing each other – but
see ‘respectant’ (also
Flag of Leuzigen, Switzerland (fotw);
Arms of Mire de Tibăes, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Laranjeiro, Portugal (fotw)
- COMBINED (or COMBINATION) FLAG (or STANDARD)
- The terms which may be used to describe a flag or flag-like image that is usually
intended to illustrate unity between those countries allied in an armed conflict – a
combination flag or standard – but see
‘patchwork flag 1)’
(also ‘linguistic flags 1)’).
Flag showing the Allies in the Great War
- COMMAND FLAG
- See ‘flag of command’.
Command Flags/Flags of Command of an Admiral,
Vice Admiral and Rear-Admiral,
- COMMAND PENNANT
- 1) In naval usage, a generally triangular and/or swallow-tailed pennant flown
at sea that, unlike a flag of command, broad pennant or burgee command pennant,
does not replace the masthead pennant but which signifies an officer in command
of other ships who is below the rank of commodore – a group command pennant, flotilla
command pennant, senior officer’s pennant, squadron command pennant and others
(see also ‘broad pennant’,
‘broad command pennant’,
‘burgee command pennant’,
‘flag of command’,
‘masthead pennant 1)’,
‘private ship’ and
‘senior officer afloat pennant’).
- 2) In US usage, the command pennant of a unit equivalent to the above but of aviation or marine forces.
Squadron Command Pennants: UK (fotw);
Flotilla Command Pennant: The Netherlands (fotw)
a) With regard to 1) - not to be confused with the senior officer afloat
pennant which (certainly in the case NATO and related services, and of countries whose navy
bases its traditions on those of the RN) is only flown whilst alongside or in harbour.
b) A distinction has been drawn between the standard masthead pennant flown
by commissioned warships (occasionally called a pennant of command), and the command
pennants as defined above that are flown subordinate to it.
Further to 1), in the former Austro-Hungarian Navy and in some others, the practice of
hoisting a command pennant with (or without) the hoist being stiffened by a frame was itself indicative of rank -
see ‘frame 2)’.
- COMMENDATION BANNER
- See ‘banner 5)’.
C-in-C’s Commendation Banner, Canada (fotw)
- COMMENDATION FLAG (or PENNANT)
- See ‘award flag’.
Navy Unit Commendation Pennant, US (Seaflags)
- COMMEMORATIVE FLAG
- A flag made to celebrate or to mark a particular occasion, such as an anniversary,
holiday or international congress - an anniversary, event or occasional flag (see also ‘celebratory flag’ and ‘memorial flag’).
Golden Jubilee of HM The Queen 2002, UK
Congress of Vexillology, RSA (fotw); WWII Commemorative Flag,
- COMMEMORATIVE FLAG CASE
- See ‘flag case 2)’.
- COMMERCIAL CODE OF SIGNALS (or COMMERCIAL CODE OF SIGNAL FLAGS)
- The system which replaced Marryat’s code, and in use from 1866 – 1880 when it was superseded by the international code – see ‘International Code of Signal Flags’ and ‘Marryat's Code’.
TZQ in the 1866 Commercial Code of Signals (fotw)
- COMMERCIAL FLAG
- 1. See ‘house flag 1)’ and
2. In UK usage a term, now obsolete, sometimes used in place of (and referring only to) a country’s Merchant Flag or Civil Ensign – see ‘Civil Ensign’,
Flag of Associated Portland Cement Manufactures Ltd, UK (fotw);
Commercial Flag/Civil Ensign, Spain 1785-1927 (fotw)
- COMMERCIAL LOGO
- See ‘logo’.
Flag of McDonalds, Worldwide (fotw)
- COMMISSIONING or COMMISSION PENNANT
- See ‘masthead pennant 1)’. see supplemental
- COMMODORE’S BROAD PENNANT
- See ‘broad pennant 2)’.
Commodore’s Broad Pennant, Pakistan (fotw)
- COMMON PENDANT (or PENNANT)
- In English then British RN usage, now obsolete, a commissioning or masthead pennant
with a split tricolour fly, that was introduced in 1661, and flown (together with a red ensign)
by warships sailing under Admiralty orders -an ordinary, or tricolour pendant, or a pendant of independent command – see
‘masthead pennant 1)’ (also
‘man o'war pendant’ and
‘red ensign 2)’ and
The Common/Tricolour Pendant, England then UK 1661 – c1850 (fotw)
a) Display of a common/tricolour pendent
became (or was designed as) a visual indication that the vessel wearing it
was under Admiralty orders and (therefore) not subject to the authority of
any local flag officer whether of the red, white or the blue –
see ‘distinction of colour’, however;
b) There is evidence to suggest that, when introduced, its use was less restricted than became the practice later.
- COMPANY COLOURS (or COLORS)
- Small additional colours carried by foot regiments of the British and Canadian
Brigade of Guards, and a survival of the general 16th/17th Century practice of
carrying a colour for each company in a regiment – camp colours or silks (see
also ‘camp colour 1)’,
‘stand of colours 1)’ and
Company Colour, No 1 Company, 1st Battalion of The Irish Guards, UK (Graham Bartram); No 2 Company, Governor General’s Foot Guards, Canada (Official Website)
Please note that, while ten was the theoretic maximum, and six or seven the more usual, a regimental stand of nine colours
was not unknown for an English regiment of foot in the mid-17th Century.
- COMPANY FLAG
- See ‘corporate flag’.
Flag of BOAC, UK (fotw)
- 1) In heraldry, the symbolic base upon which a shield and supporters may rest
in a full set of armorial bearings– but compare with ‘coupeau’
and ‘mount’ (see also
‘coat of arms’).
- 2) On flags see 'cartouche 2)'.
National Arms 1932 - 2000, South Africa (fotw);
National Arms, Tanzania (fotw);
National Arms, the Bahamas (fotw)
- 1) In the International Code of Signals, two or more flags or pennants added
to a basic signal to give clarity or precision to the message (see also
‘international code of signal flags,
‘international code of signals’ and
- 2) In heraldry a full moon – see ‘moon 2)’ with following note.
- COMPLETE (ARMORIAL) ACHIEVEMENT
- In heraldry see ‘armorial bearings’ and
‘achievement of arms’.
Flag of Cambridge, UK (fotw; Arms of
the Dukes of Wellington, UK (Wikipedia);
Flag of Bexley, UK (fotw)
- COMPLIMENTARY FLAG
- See ‘courtesy flag’.
- The heraldic term used when an ordinary or a border is composed of squares (or occasionally
rectangles) in alternating tinctures – gobony, gobone or gobonated (see also
Flag of Estévenens,
- COMPONY COUNTER-COMPONY
- In heraldry see ‘counter-compony’.
Flag of Zeihen, Switzerland