- EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE
- A triangle whose three sides and three angles are equal – see ‘triangle 1)’.
National Flag of the Bahamas (fotw);
Flag of Carneirinho, Brazil (fotw)
- EQUIPOLLÉ (or EQUIPOLLÉE)
- The alternative heraldic terms for a checky of nine squares in metal and tincture alternately
(which thus form a cross) – a checky or checkered of nine, a cross equipollé or cross quarter-pierced – but see
‘checky 2) and the note below’.
Arms and Flag of Sé, Portugal (fotw);
Arms of Lamas, Portugal (fotw)
Please note that a cross quarter-pierced need not (although it can) be formed by
an equipollé of nine, and we suggest that a suitable glossary or dictionary of
heraldry be consulted if further details are required.
Flag of Ħ'Attard, Malta (fotw)
- The heraldic term for a tree (or possibly a plant) showing its roots.
Flag of Riedholz, Switzerland (fotw);
Flag of Portunhos e Outil, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Vest-Agder, Norway (fotw)
- The heraldic term used when a charge is cut off as in ‘couped 1)’, but with
the dividing line ragged or uneven – see ‘couped 1)’.
Flag of Eidsberg, Norway (fotw); Arms of
Izabelin, Poland (fotw);
Flag of Scania, Sweden (fotw)
- 1) The heraldic term used when an animal is shown upright or on its hind feet. In certain cases this may be used in place of
"rampant", or may be employed in relation to the heads of animals and fish – but see ‘erect 2)’, ‘haurient’, ‘rampant’ and ‘upright 2)’.
- 2) The heraldic term also used when a charge (often a sword) is shown upright, and employed particularly
when it is not normally seen in that position.
Flag of Gorjani, Croatia (fotw);
Arms of Sibenik-Knin, Croatia (fotw)
Flag of Smokvica, Croatia (fotw)
- The heraldic term for the fur of that animal, and usually shown as a semé of small
black trefoils (with larger tails) on a white field (see also ‘furs’,
Flag of Gistel, Belgium (fotw);
Flag of Pays de Dol, France (fotw);
Flag of Almanza, Spain (fotw)
Please note that “ermine” is considered symbolic of royalty, and is (accordingly) often seen
on royal insignia – see ‘pavilion’.
- ERRONEOUS FLAG
- 1) A term sometimes used in place of the more precise terms fictional or fictitious flag –
see ‘fictional flag’ and
(also ‘false flag 1)’).
2) A flag displayed or identified in error/mistakenly.
Erroneous/Fictitious Flag of the Congo from the film
Dark of the Sun (fotw); Erroneous/Fictional Flag of Buranda from the TV series
Yes Minister (fotw)
- The heraldic term for a scallop shell generally (but not exclusively) facing downwards, and often representing the badge of a pilgrim.
Flag of Dorénaz, Switzerland (fotw);
Flag of Libiš, Czechia (fotw);
Flag of Emmetten, Switzerland (fotw)
- The heraldic term for a charge with several radiating arms which is meant to represent the
strengthening/decorative metalwork of a shield – a carbuncle or charbuncle.
Flag and Arms of Re, Vestfold, Norway;
Flag of Gnarrenburg, Germany (fotw)
- The heraldic term for a shield or base upon which charges or quarterings are
placed (see also ‘charge’,
Devínska Nová Ves, Slovakia,
Oruro, Bolivia and
Województwo wielkopolskie, Poland (fotw)
a) In English heraldry the shape of this shield/escutcheon is considered irrelevant in a grant of arms – a shape which is (in any case) usually dictated by the current fashion, however.
b) The escutcheon of a spinster or widow is displayed upon a lozenge as referenced above.
Escutcheon of Kate Middleton before her marriage to HRH Prince William
- ESCUTCHEON OF PRETENCE (or PRETENSE)
- 1) The heraldic term used when one country adds the arms of another to its own in
order to show a claim to all or part of that country – for example: the arms of France
added to those of England from c1350 – 1801 – but see
‘flag of pretence’.
- 2) The heraldic term also used when the arms of an heiress are placed in the centre of those of her
husband, rather than being impaled – see ‘impaled’.
- 3) See ‘inescutcheon,’
Royal Standard, England c1399 – 1605 (fotw);
Royal Arms, Denmark (fotw);
Royal Standard Spain 1700 – 1759 (fotw)
- ESTABLISHMENT OF ARMS
- An alternative term for a full set of armorial bearings (see also
‘armorial bearings’ and
‘coat of arms).
Flag of Gloucester, UK (fotw)
- The heraldic term for a star or star-like charge that usually (but not
exclusively) has six wavy points, and considered by some sources to be
interchangeable with mullet – see ‘mullet’.
Flag of Portsmouth, UK (fotw);
Flag of St. Hilda's College Oxford, UK (fotw)
Please note, we suggest that a glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted regarding the term given above.
- ETALON FLAG
- See ‘model flag’.
Flag of Yukon Territory, Canada (Design Details Established by Etalon/Model Flag) (fotw)
- EVENING COLOURS (or COLORS)
- See ‘sunset’.
Naval Ensign, UK (fotw);
Naval Ensign, South Africa 1952 – 1981 (fotw)
- EVENT FLAG
- See ‘commemorative flag’.
Flag of the 26th International Congress of Vexillology, Australia (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term to reversed - see ‘reversed 2)’.
- (v) A largely US term for the unrolling of a flag that has been stored rolled
around a tube (see also ‘unfurl’).
- EXECUTIVE ORDER
- In US usage, the legal means by which the President authorizes display of a flag
or the amendment of an established design, and the equivalent of a Presidential Decree
or Royal Order in Council – see
‘royal decree’ and
‘royal order in council 2)’ (also
National Flag of the USA 1912 – 1959 as Regulated by Executive Order (fotw)
- EXPANDING STRIPE(S)
- A term that may be used when a stripe or stripes widen (usually but not invariably) from the hoist to
the fly and start from one fixed point (or from two closely spaced points) as
in, for example, the flags of the Marshall Islands or the Seychelles -
diverging stripes - but see
‘converging stripes’ and
(also ‘radiating 1)’,
National Flag of the Marshall Islands (fotw); National Flag of the
Please note that this is not an established term, but has been introduced by the Editors as no suitably accurate alternative could be found
- EX-VOTO FLAG
- A flag, usually small and plain, displayed (especially by Hindus) to fulfil
a religious vow (see also ‘religious flag’).
- See ‘grommet’.
- EYE OF GOD (OF PROVIDENCE or OF DIVINE PROVIDENCE)
- The alternative terms for an ancient symbol composed of an eye contained within by a triangle
now taken to symbolize the Trinity, and usually (but not exclusively) surrounded by a nimbus,
the rays of a sun or similar – the All-Seeing Eye of God, the Eye of Providence or of Divine Providence, God’s
Eye or a Trinity Eye (see also
and Arms of
Radzymin, Poland (fotw); Flag of
Goppisberg, Switzerland (fotw)
- EYE SPLICE
- The naval term for a closed loop at the end of a rope or halyard formed by splicing the end of
the rope back into itself to form an eye – a running eye – but see ‘becket’
(also ‘running eye and toggle’