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Dictionary of Vexillology: S (Salient - Saw-toothed)

Last modified: 2022-03-05 by rob raeside
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The heraldic term used when an animal is shown leaping (possibly upon its prey), or rearing up with both hind feet on the ground, and its forepaws drawn as if level with each other – but see ‘forcené’ and ‘rampant’.

[Villarepos flag] [Villarepos flag] [Salient] [Salient]
Flag and Arms of Villarepos, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Porsanger, Norway (fotw)

1) In vexillology a cross whose arms are diagonal - a diagonal or diagonally-centred cross (see also ‘orthogonal’, ‘layered saltire’, ‘panel’, ‘ragged cross’, St. Andrew’s Cross’ and ‘St. Patrick's Cross’).
2) In heraldry as above but traditionally symbolic of martyrdom (see also ‘in saltire’ and 'per saltire').

[Jamaica - saltire] [Lab, Slovakia - arms] [saltire]
National Flag of Jamaica (fotw); Arms of Láb, Slovakia (fotw); Flag of the Federal Security Service, Russia (fotw);

See ‘ragged cross’ and raguly’.

[saltire raguly]
Regimental Colour of the Louisiana Infantry 1780, Spanish America (fotw)

In heraldry see ‘in saltire’.

[saltirewise flag] [saltirewise flag]
Flag and Arms of Wohlenschwil, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)

That custom, often prescribed by law or regulation, which requires military personnel to salute and civilians to remove their hats or place the right hand over their heart when a flag is raised or lowered, or when it passes in parade (see also ‘flag salute’).

The heraldic term for blood-red - see ‘shades of tincture’.


1) A band of material, usually in the national colours and sometimes bearing the national arms, worn across the chest by a head of state, especially (but not exclusively) in South America, or by some civic officials (see also ‘national colours 2)’ and ‘state arms 2)’ under ‘arms’).
2) A similar symbol (although usually – but not invariably - based on political rather than national colours) used by political organizations (see also ‘political flags 1)’).

[Political sash]  [Presidential sash of Honduras]  [Civic sash of France]  [Political sash] 
The Presidential Sash of Uruguay (fotw); The Presidential Sash of Honduras (fotw); Civic Sash of France; Political Sash of the Women’s Suffragette Movement 1917, US

The civic sash of France is most often (although not invariably) seen with the blue stripe uppermost, it is usually fringed/decorated and sometimes worn around the waist rather than across the chest.
b) Sashes are also worn with some military and civilian awards.

[sash ]
HRH The Duke of Kent wearing the Sash of the Order of the Garter, UK (

See ‘daimyo flags’ and its following notes.

[sash ]
Flag of Makino Yasunari 1555-1609, Japan (fotw)

The French for “leaping”, which is also sometimes used in place of, or in addition to, the heraldic terms rampant or salient – see ‘rampant’ and ‘salient’ in (also ‘erect’).

Betten, Switzerland Betten, Switzerland
Flag and Arms of Betten, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)

See ‘serrated’ (also ‘wolfteeth’).

[saw-toothed example]
Flag of Magellan Region, Chile (fotw)

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