- SIGNAL FLAG
- Any of a number of straight-sided flags as well as various triangular and
squared-ended tapered pennants, of a generally simple, recognized design which,
when flown singly or together are used to transmit messages in an established
code, especially at sea - see
'numeral flag' and
'numeral pennant' (also
‘call sign hoist’,
‘distinction pennant 1)’,
‘flags 1)’, 'International Code of Signal Flags',
‘make her number’,
‘telegraph flag’ and
‘yeoman of signals’.)
Number 3, Number 9 and the Finishing Pennant in
Popham’s Code as amended in 1803 (fotw)
- SIGNAL HOIST (or GROUP)
- A group of signal flags hoisted together - a flag signal, flag hoist, a
hoist, a hoist of flags or signal group (see
also ‘address group’,
‘call sign hoist’,
‘flag of distress 2)’,
‘International Code of Signal Flags’,
‘make her number’ and
ZD2 (Zulu-Delta-2) in The International Code of Signal Flags or
“Please Report Me to Lloyds, London” (fotw)
- The bearer of a 'signum' (see ‘signum’ below).
- SIGNUM (or SIGNA)
- 1) Generically and in the plural (signa) all the vexilla, flags and vexilloids used by the ancient Roman army
(see also ‘draco’, ‘eagle 2)’,
‘flammula’, ‘vexilloid 2)’ and
- 2) Specifically and in the singular (signum) the vexilloid of a maniple, or subdivision of a Roman legion
(see also ‘vexilloid 2)’).
- 3) The similar vexilloids of auxiliary units.
a) A “maniple” was one-third of a cohort (which was itself one-tenth
of a legion) and in the first Century AD a standard maniple would consist of about 160 men.
b) Signum is the Latin for “sign” as semeion was in classical Greek
(see also ‘semeion’).
- See ‘company colours’.
Silk/Company Colour, No 1 Company, 1st Battalion of The Irish Guards, UK (Graham Bartram)
- SIMPLE BICOLOUR
- See ‘bicolour 2)’.
Civil Flag of Burgenland, Austria (fotw); Flag of
Rome, Italy (fotw)
- SIMPLE CHEVRON
- See ‘chevron 1)’.
Flag of Herzele, Belgium (fotw)
- SIMPLE PALL
- See ‘pall’.
Khashuri, Georgia (fotw)
- SIMPLE PILE
- See ‘pile’.
The Flag Institute 1971 – 2016, UK (fotw)
- SIMPLE TRIANGLE
- See ‘triangle 1)’.
National Flag of Czechia (fotw)
- SIMPLE TRIBAND
- See ‘triband 2)’.
National Flag of Peru (fotw); National Flag of
- SIMPLE TRICOLOUR
- See ‘tricolour 2)’.
National Flag of Italy (fotw); National Flag of
- SINGLE APPLIQUÉ
- A term that may be used when the appliqué technique is applied to one side of a flag,
and the field then cut out to provide visibility of the appliquéd section from the reverse –
see ‘appliqué’ (also
- The heraldic term for the left hand side of a flag or shield from the point
of view of the bearer, or the right hand side from the point of view of an observer
(see also ‘dexter’).
- SINISTER EDGE
- 1. With regard to a shield see ‘sinister’ above.
- 2. A term that may be used in describing the right hand facing edge of a banner or gonfalon
which is hung from a crossbar, and equivalent to the bottom edge of a conventionally hoisted flag –
the trailing edge (see also ‘banner 2)’ and
- SINISTER HOIST (HOISTED or HOISTING)
- A term used when the obverse of a flag is depicted (or is manufactured) with its hoist to the
observer’s right in the Arabic tradition – right-hoisted – but see ‘dexter hoist’ and
‘sinister’ above (also
National Flag of Abu Dhabi (fotw)
- SKULL AND CROSS-BONES
- See ‘jolly roger’.
- SLANTED DISPLAY DESIGN
- See ‘flag for slanted display’.
Flag of the Army For Slanted Display, Bolivia (fotw & CS)
- SLEDGE (or SLEDGING) FLAGS
- In UK and some other usage now largely obsolete, the flags (of varying design) that were
flown from the sledges of several polar expeditions in order to make them more visible from
a distance and for reasons of esprit de corps.
Flag used by the 1875 Expedition to the North Pole
(fotw); Flag used on Ernest Shackleton's 1914 Expedition to the Antarctic (fotw)
- 1) See ‘heading’.
- 2) Especially of an indoor flag, parade flag or military colour, a tube of
material at the hoist into which the staff is inserted – an open sleeve (see also
Queen’s Colour, The 28th Regiment of Foot
(North Gloucestershire Regiment), UK c1880 (fotw);
Regimental Colour The Gloucester Regiment 1952, UK (fotw)
Please note that the increasingly (but by no means entirely) obsolete
practice of fixing a flag to its pole or staff by a series of attached loops is almost certainly based
on the earlier use of ties – see ‘loops’
(also ‘ring 4)’ and
- A heraldic term used in place of couped when applied to the stalks of trefoils,
flowers, leaves and sprigs of foliage – see
‘couped 2)’ (also
Flag of Mägenwil, Switzerland (fotw);
Flag of Vinodol, Croatia (fotw);
Flag of Mollens, Switzerland (fotw)
Please note that a fruit or leaf etc., without a stalk is neither slipped nor couped
- SMALLER (or SMALL) ARMS (or SMALLER/SMALL COAT OF ARMS)
- See ‘lesser arms’ under ‘arms’.
Smaller/Small Arms of Czechia and Tallinn, Estonia