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Dictionary of Vexillology: S (Surfing Flag - Symmetrical Outwardly Stepped)
Last modified: 2022-03-05 by rob raeside
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- SURFING FLAG (or PENNANT)
- See ‘beach flag’.
Surfing Flag UK and Surfing Pennant France (fotw)
- SURMOUNTED BY
- 1) In vexillology a term that may be used when one charge is placed above or at the
top of another – but see ‘above 1)’ (also ‘charge 1)’ and ‘topped 1)’).
- 2) In heraldry the term used when an ordinary or a charge (or charges) is
(or are) placed over – that is in front of – another as per the examples given
below, and which generally (although not exclusively) touches the field – but see the notes below,
‘charged 2)’, ‘debruised’ and
‘overall 2)’ (also
Civil Flag and Ensign of Danzig 1920 – 1939 (fotw); Flag of Santa Eulàlia de Riuprimer; Spain (fotw);
Naval Flag of the Christ’s Knights Order 17thC, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Vilabertran, Spain (fotw)
a) With regard to 2) the correct heraldic term for a charge (such as a crown or coronet)
placed above rather than over - that is in front of - another is ‘ensigned’
as referenced above.
b) Also please note with regard to 2), it is suggested that a glossary or dictionary or heraldry be consulted with regard to comparative
use of the terms "charged", “overall” and “surmounted by”.
- SURROGATE FLAG
- 1) See ‘fictitious flag’.
2) A flag that is introduced as a replacement for one previously in use but now banned.
Surrogate/Fictitious flag of the Soviet Army (fotw);
Surrogate Civil Ensign 1945, Japan (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term to overall - see ‘overall 2)’.
Arms and Flag of Chêne-Bourg, Switzerland (Wikipedia
- SWAG (or SWAGGED)
- See ‘fan’ (also ‘bunting 2)’).
- 1) A V-shaped cut in the fly of a flag or pennant and forming two points - fork/forked tail or fork-tailed - but see
'double pointed' (also
‘palm’, ‘rounded swallow-tail’ and
- 2) adj A flag or pennant having such a cut or cuts in the fly (see also
‘swallowtail and tongue’, ‘triangular-tongued’ and ‘triple-tailed 2)’)..
Naval Ensign of Germany (fotw); State Ensign of Saar, Germany (fotw); Flag of
Galanta, Slovakia (fotw)
- SWALLOWTAIL AND TONGUE
- 1) A flag as above, but having a narrower third tail between the other two and so coming
to three points at the fly - three-tailed or tongued, or a double-
or (inaccurately) triple-swallowtail (see also
‘tongue(s) 1)’ and ‘triangular-tongued’
2) See ‘triple-tailed 1)’).
War Flag/State Flag/Naval Ensign of Norway (fotw); War Flag/Naval Ensign of
Naval Ensign of Sweden (fotw)
- An ancient symbol in the form of an equal-armed cross with each arm continued at
a right angle, presently used (running anti-clockwise) as the emblem of a Chinese
humanitarian organization founded in 1922, (in a clock-wise form) on some flags of Finland, and until 1945 as the emblem of the German Nazi Party – a
crooked/hooked cross, fylfot or cross potent rebated (see also ‘arrow cross’,
‘cross 2)’, ‘rune(s)’
and ‘sun cross’).
China, 1922 - (CS); The National Flag, Germany 1933-45;
National Socialist White People's Party 1976, US (fotw);
Air Force Squadron Flag, Finland (fotw)
- A sharp-edged weapon consisting of a blade and a hilt (handle); it will
usually be equipped with a full or partial handguard and
in some cases also a pommel. Swords vary much with period and region, although in general (vexillological) use the name largely (but by no means exclusively) refers to a
having a straight double-edged blade, with a hilt, cross-guard and pommel, and based upon a classical Roman short-sword – the gladius
– but see ‘sabre’, ‘scimitar’ and ‘zulfikar’
(also ‘hilted’ and ‘pommeled’).
Flag of Haarlem, The Netherlands (fotw); Arms of Żory, Poland (fotw);
Flag of the Army, UK (fotw)
Please note that the many types of sword are beyond the remit of this dictionary, and it is suggested that a suitable source be consulted if further details are required.
- SWORD CROSS
- See ‘cross fitchy’ and
‘cross of Santiago’.
Flag of Wilstedt, Germany (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Alcoutim, Portugal (fotw)
- SWORD OF ALI
- See ‘zulfikar’.
Standard of the Bey of Tunis c1860 - 1957 (fotw)
- SWORD KNOT
- See ‘dress knot’.
Officer’s Sword/Dress Knot, USN and USCG (marlowwhite.com)
- 1) Generically, the vexilloid, flag, coat of arms, emblem or badge that may be considered representative or symbolic
of a nation, region, municipality, people, organization or cause – see
‘coat of arms 1),
‘emblem, military or governmental’,
‘emblem, state or national’,
‘vexilloid 1)’ and
- 2) Specifically, see ‘Logo 1)’.
Former Flag of the Nordic Council (fotw); Arms of
Jesenice, Slovenia (fotw);
Former Flag of Azuma, Japan (fotw); Flag of Pan American World Airways (fotw)
- SYMBOLS OF DISGRACE
- In heraldry see ‘abatements’.
Lion couard denoting cowardice or dishonour (Wikipedia)
- SYMMETRICAL OUTWARDLY (or INWARDLY) STEPPED
- See ‘stepped gonfalon’.
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