Last modified: 2021-08-25 by ian macdonald
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The British interests in South Arabia consisted of :
Some of these states trace their origin to several centuries back, such
as Lahej (of which history and government is quite well known),
Quati, Kathiri, and Mahra. Other are tribal chiefdoms liberated in the last
third of the 18th century (for example Akrabi, independent of Lahej
in 1770) or that reached certain power thanks their alliance with the
British. All the states remained under British protection in the
first half of the 19th century, when the Protectorate of
Aden was created, separate from the colony of Aden (which is formed basically by
the city of that name and some islands).
The native states of the Protectorate were retained by the British administration. Perhaps it's more true to say that the British didn't want to waste any resources in keeping them under direct control, and so ruled indirectly through Residents and Political Agents. If any of this sounds like the British practice of indirect rule in the Indian Princely States, Aden was actually first a dependency and later a Chief Commissioner's Province of British India up until 1937.
On 11 February 1959 was created the Federation of South Arabian
On 4 April 1962 the Federation was enlarged and renamed Federation of South Arabia.
There remained a Protectorate of South Arabia.
The colony of Aden entered the Federation (as the State of Aden) on 18 January 1963.
Independence was scheduled for 1968, but the NLF and FLOSY, urban
guerrilla movements based in Aden, objected to the city's being
placed under the rule of absolute monarchs, forced an early British
withdrawal in November 1967, and established the
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
(commonly known as South Yemen).
Vincent Morley, 3 February 1997
The victory of the revolutionaries in 1967 supposedly led to the
abolition of the separate states. Probably the sovereigns fled to the
United Kingdom or to other Arabic countries.
As far as I know none of their flags survived the expulsion of the British by the National Liberation Front in 1967.
Roy Stilling, 5 December 1997